Sandpiper, any of many shorebirds belonging to the household Scolopacidae (order Charadriiformes), that also contains the snipes and the woodcocks. The name sandpiper refers especially to a number of species of little to middle sized birds, aproximatelly fifteen to thirty cm (six to twelve inches) long, which throng sea beaches as well as inland mud flats during migration.They’re often paler in autumn than in early spring. A number of species have distinguishing characteristics, like speckled breasts, white-colored rump bands, or perhaps contrasting throat spots, but the general appearance of theirs is actually similar and they’re notoriously hard to recognize. Most puzzling are probably the smallest sandpipers, known as oxeyes, stint, or peep.Sandpipers often nest on the earth in the wide open, in a scantily lined small hollow. They lay 4 spotted eggs, from what hatch busy, downy younger. The typical sandpiper (Actitis, or perhaps at times Tringa, hypoleucos) is actually a huge breeder on grassy shores of rivers and lakes throughout Eurasia, and this winters from Africa to Polynesia and Australia.The solitary sandpiper (Tringa solitaria), what breeds in North America as well as winters in South America, is actually uncommon in nesting not on the earth but around the outdated tree nests of various other birds. The directly related eco-friendly sandpiper (T. ochropus) is its somewhat bigger counterpart in mountainous and boreal areas of Eurasia.Probably The least sandpiper (C. minutilla), under fifteen cm in length, is actually probably the smallest sandpiper. It’s grayish with yellowish legs and bill and it is readily approached in the industry.