The Roman Catholic Church portrays itself as the one legitimate heir to New Testament Christianity, as well as the pope as the successor to Peter, the very first bishop of Rome. While those details are actually arguable, there’s no question that Roman church history reaches back to ancient times. The apostle Paul wrote the letter of his to the Romans about AD fifty five and also dealt with a church body which existed before his very first visit there (though he made no mention of Peter, although he greeted others by name). In spite of repeated persecutions by the government, a vibrant Christian society existed in Rome after apostolic times. Those earlier Roman Christians had been the same as the brethren of theirs in other areas of the planet – basic followers of Jesus Christ.Things changed considerably when the Roman Emperor Constantine professed a conversion to Christianity in AD 312. He started making changes which eventually led to the development of the Roman Catholic Church. He issued the Edict of Milan in 313, which given freedom of worship throughout the empire. When doctrinal disputes arose, Constantine presided over the very first ecumenical church council at Nicaea in AD 325, although he held no recognized expert in the churches. By the time of Constantine’s death, Christianity was the favored, if not the official, religion of the Roman Empire. The phrase Roman Catholic was identified by Emperor Theodosius on February twenty seven, 380, in the Theodosian Code. In this document, he refers to people who hold to the “religion that had been delivered to the Romans by the divine Apostle Peter” as “Roman Catholic Christians” and also provides them the recognized sanction of the empire.
The fall of the Roman Empire as well as the rise of the Catholic Church are actually 2 branches of the identical story, as the energy was transferred from one entity to the other. By the time of Constantine (AD 312) until the fall of the Roman Empire in 476, the emperors of Rome claimed a specific amount of expert to the church, though it was disputed by a lot of church leaders. During those formative years, there was a lot of disputes over doctrine, structure, and authority. The emperors desired to increase the authority of theirs by giving privileges to different bishops, resulting in disputes regarding primacy within the churches. At exactly the same time, several of the bishops desired to improve their prestige and authority by accusing others of false doctrine and seeking express support of the positions of theirs. A lot of those disputes resulted in extremely sinful behavior, which are actually a disgrace to the title of Christ.