Atlantic Ocean, body of salt water covering more or less one fifth of Earth’s surface and separating the continents of Africa and Europe to the east from those of South and north America to the west. The ocean’s name, produced from Greek mythology, indicates the “Sea of Atlas.” It’s next in size just to the Pacific Ocean.The Atlantic is, most of the time, Narrow and s-shaped in relation to the length of its. The part of the Atlantic without the reliant seas of its is roughly 31,830,000 square miles (82,440,000 square km), as well as with them the area of its is actually aproximatelly 41,100,000 square miles (106,460,000 square km). It’s an average level (with the seas) of its of 10,925 foot (3,300 metres) along with a maximum level of 27,493 foot (8,380 metres) in the Puerto Rico Trench, north of the island of Puerto Rico. The ocean’s breadth from east to west varies substantially. Between Ireland as well as Newfoundland it’s aproximatelly 2,060 miles (3,320 km); farther south it widens to much more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km) prior to narrowing once again so that the distance from Cape São Roque, Brazil, to Cape Palmas, Liberia, is just a 1,770 miles (2,850 km). Southward it once again gets broader and it is bordered by easy coasts nearly with no islands; among The Cape and cape Horn of Good Hope the ocean strategies Antarctica on an extensive front almost 4,000 miles (6,500 km) wide.Even though not the largest of the world’s oceans, the Atlantic has by far the largest drainage area. The continents on each side of the Atlantic are likely to slope toward it, so it gets the waters of an excellent proportion of the main rivers of the world; these include the St. Lawrence, the Mississippi, the Orinoco, the Amazon, the Río de la Plata, the Congo, the Niger, the Loire, the Rhine, the Elbe, as well as the great rivers emptying into the Mediterranean, Black, and Baltic seas. In comparison to the South Atlantic, the North Atlantic is actually abundant in islands, in the assortment of the coastline of its, as well as within tributary seas. The latter include the Caribbean Sea, the Gulfs of Mexico and St. Lawrence, and Baffin and Hudson bays on the Baltic and also the west, Mediterranean, North, and Black seas on the east. This particular report treats the human and physical geography of the Atlantic Ocean as an entire. For thorough discussion of the chemical and physical oceanography as well as marine geology of the Atlantic Ocean, see ocean.